This week On my Blog, I want to talk about a design pattern. The One I want to focus on is Adapter Design Pattern. Adapter design pattern Convert an interface of a class into another interface clients expect. The adapter lets classes work together that couldn’t otherwise because of incompatible interfaces. The adapter design pattern is a structural design pattern that allows two unrelated/uncommon interfaces to work together. In other words, the adapter pattern makes two incompatible interfaces compatible without changing their existing code. Now Let’s take a look at an example that shows how the design works. From the blog, I used it provided a diagram that I think is helpful to understand the design pattern. In this diagram, Socket wrenches provide an example of the Adapter. A socket attaches to a ratchet, provided that the size of the drive is the same. Here a Ratchet is ½ in size and the socket is ¼ without using an adapter you cannot connect the ratchet and socket together.
Now let us take a look at the benefits and liabilities of using the adapter design pattern. The first benefit is that you can let any two unrelated classes run together. Second, Improved the reuse of classes, it Increased the transparency of classes and it has Good flexibility. Now for the Liabilities, the Adapter design pattern takes Too much use of adapters will make the system very messy and difficult to master as a whole. For example, if an interface A and B are implemented and interface B is adapted internally. If too many tasks are running in A system, it will be A disaster. So, if it’s not necessary, you can simply refactor the system without using an adapter. Also, in object-oriented programming especially in JAVA it inherits at most one class, it can only adapt to one adapter class at most, and the target class must be an abstract class.
A real-life example that I found was about the card reader ACTS as an adapter between the memory card and the laptop. You insert the memory card into the card reader and insert the card reader into the portable computer. The memory card can be read from the portable computer.
This source is helpful to understand the design pattern even more. I would suggest you take a look at the website because it goes into further detail about the Adapter design pattern, including various examples using diagrams and JAVA codes.
From the blog haorusong by and used with permission of the author. All other rights reserved by the author.