Two-factor authentication is a user-verification method used by many web applications and services today. When a user tries to log in, a verification code is sent to a previously specified external device or address, such as a phone number or email. This code usually expires after a set time. The user that requested the code then enters it in the application or program to verify themselves and gain access to their account. By splitting access to your account into multiple different forms, you greatly increase the security of your account. Nobody can log into your email, even if they know the password, if you have two-factor authentication that is being sent through SMS.
David Walsh explains how the system of two-factor authentication is divided up behind the scenes. The first step is to generate a secret unique key for the user to validate two-factor authentication codes in the future. Then, you must add the site to your authentication. Finally, this code must be provided by the user and then validated to confirm it matches what was expected. If not, the user can try again with a new key. Since most two-factor authentication services refresh the key every few seconds/minutes, it is not necessary to lock the user out if they get one wrong.
Two-factor authentication is an incredibly powerful and important new form of security that allows you to put an even tighter lock around your information. As a developer, it is important to consider allowing your users to use two-factor authentication for your application, especially if any sensitive data is stores or if access to your account leads to vulnerabilities in the system. It’s one of those things you don’t realize is so important and valuable until you get your account stolen and realize it could have been prevented.